How to use weighted nymphs

The age-old fishing riddle, answered right here.
The biggest question in nymphing is: “How much weight should I use?”. But there’s no easy answer. Because the thing is, when fishing subsurface you can’t see what’s going on down there… but thankfully there are methods to making informed estimations that keep your flies in the right place.

Superb Fishing Secrets from Fly N Guide website:

10 brilliant tops to sink your Nymphs to the bottom

  1. Weighted nymphs and streamers are best. The usual way to weigh a nymph is to add a few wraps of lead wire underneath, or you can actually buy lead substitutes now. Some more contemporary fishers will tell you this tip flattens the action of the fly in the water.
  2. Beadhead patterns are best. A tungsten or steel bead will also assist a fly sink in the water column, also acting as an attractor which can create a wiggling motion to a retrieved fly. Tungsten is heavier and will help a fly sink quicker.
  3. Put a split shot or weighted putty on your leader. There are various ways to add weight – where to place the weight on the leader, how much weight to use – however the biggest tip to remember is that you shouldn’t use so much weight that you can’t tell when you get a strike.
  4. Use lighter, thinner leaders and tippets. Fluorocarbon sinks better than monofilament, but a thinner tippet can really boost your sink rate, simply because there is less drag. Rather than just putting more weight on, try shifting from 4x to 5x or 6x.
  5. Make sure you cast upstream of your target. You should aim to place your fly close to the bottom as it enters the trouts’ strike zone, casting upstream to ensure the fly has time to reach the right depth. The speedier the current and the deeper the water, the farther upstream you’ll have to cast.
  6. Fish nice and close. The more line you have on the water, the more drag there will be on your fly, stopping it from sinking at maximum speed. Many nymphing experts fish with almost no fly-line on the water at all.
  7. Lengthen your leader. The longer your leader, the less fly line you’ll need on the water.
    It’s that simple.
  8. Don’t worry about the strike indicator. A buoyant strike indicator may enable better sight lines when a fish takes your fly, but it can also stop the fly from actually reaching the fish. Many anglers say that a sensitive rod tip and close presentation enables a better strike with no indicator.
  9. Insist on a sink-tip line. This expert technique is normally employed with big stonefly nymphs in riffled water or with streamers. The important thing to remember in presenting a nymph with a sink-tip line is keeping a semi-tight line… this makes sure you’ll feel any strike.
  10. Use a Tuck Cast. A tuck cast makes your flies land first, which means the flies penetrate the surface and carry on to the bottom without the line and leader preventing the descent. Tuck casts are awesome for fishing nymphs upstream to the head of a pool.

Master superb Streamer Fishing & get ready for an explosive strike!
Streamers are larger flies that you can fish on an active retrieve. These traditional flies imitate baitfish, crayfish, leeches, and large aquatic insects such as hellgrammites. Streamers are the fly-fishing equivalent of conventional lures – and because the fly can move, strikes can go with a bang.

Your ‘top 3” things to think about with wets & streamers!

  1. Simply the best way to learn how to fish streamer flies.
    Streamers are an awesome way to fish long stretches of water and are the very best flies to employ when you are unsure what the fish are biting, or if you are fishing water you don’t know very well. Streamers are ideal for the fidgety angler or those in a hurry, because you can move the fly a lot and make sure you don’t hang around in the same place very long. And another thing… streamer flies are superb when you’re in the mood for catching large fish.
  2. For best results, get to know your streamer fly pattern.
    A streamer fly pattern is a fly fishing lure created to be vigorously fished just under the water’s surface, within the water column itself. In contrast to dry flies, nymphs, and wet flies – all of which are designed to imitate a range of aquatic insects – streamers are usually tied and used to imitate a range of small, medium, and large sized bait fish. There are numerous species of bait fish, but popular examples include are mullet, anchovy, and bunker in saltwater, or juvenile trout or sculpin in freshwater.
  3. Why ‘stripping’ is your best friend in fly fishing.
    Streamers can be fished in both freshwater and saltwater, simply by casting the fly, letting it sink, then using the stripping hand to retrieve between three and seven inches of fly line with well timed pauses between sequenced strips. This method, simply called ‘stripping”, assists the fisher imitate the behaviour of a genuine bait fish in its usual subsurface habitat. Your timing between each strip, the depth you keep within the water column, and length of stripped fly line are very important elements in the streamer fishing stripping method. Different combinations of these elements can be employed to obtain varying and fishing results subject to water conditions, the species you’re targeting and the kind of bait fish you’re imitating.